Current Applied Physics, Vol.20, No.1, 150-154, 2020
Improving the thermoelectric properties of carbon nanotubes through introducing graphene nanosprings
Carbon nanotube (CNT) is a typical one-dimensional nanomaterial containing sp(2) hybridization states. In this paper, we investigate the ballistic thermoelectric performance of CNTs incorporating graphene nanosprings by using non-equilibrium Green's function. The calculations reveal that the thermoelectric figure of merit could be obviously improved by introducing graphene nanosprings, which is about ten times of that of pristine CNTs at 700 K. Such enhancement is mainly attributed to the remarkable suppression of phononic and electronic thermal conductance and improvement of Seebeck coefficient. In addition, compared to the zigzag graphene nanospring, introducing of the armchair case possesses better thermoelectric performance. The results presented in this paper indicate that embedding graphene nanospring is a viable method to optimize the thermoelectric performance of CNTs and could provide useful theoretical guidance for design and fabrication of CNTs-based thermoelectric devices.