Combustion and Flame, Vol.211, 158-172, 2020
Effects of turbulent flow regime on perforated plate stabilized piloted lean premixed flames
An experimental study of the effects of turbulent flow regime on the flame structure is conducted by using perforated-plate-stabilized, hydrogen-piloted, lean premixed methane/air turbulent flames. The underlying turbulent flow field was investigated using two-dimensional three-component particle imaging velocimetry (2D3C-PIV) with two perforated plates of different blockage ratios. The flow data allowed a separation of the turbulent flow regime into axial velocity stream dominated and vortex dominated flows. A plate with 62% blockage ratio was used to establish the stream-dominated flow regime and another with 86% blockage ratio was used to establish the vortex-dominated flow regime. OH laser-induced fluorescence was used to study the effects of the turbulent flow regime on the mean progress variable, flame brush thickness, flame surface density, and global consumption speed. In comparison with the streamd-ominated flow, the vortex-dominated flow makes a wider and shorter flame. Also, the vortex-dominated flow has a thicker horizontal flame brush and a thinner longitudinal flame brush. Especially, the spatial variation of the horizontal flame brush thickness for the vortex-dominated flow does not follow the turbulent diffusion theory. The vortex-dominated flow shows a relatively constant flame surface density and the stream-dominated flow shows a decreasing flame surface density along the streamwise direction. The flame surface density for the vortex-dominated flow is higher than the one for the stream-dominated flow. Lastly, the vortex-dominated turbulent flow shows a much higher consumption speed in comparison with that of the stream-dominated turbulent flow with identical velocity fluctuation levels. (C) 2019 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.