화학공학소재연구정보센터
Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol.27, No.9, 2081-2088, 2019
Evidence for pore-filling gas hydrates in the sediments through morphology observation
To provide an evidence of natural gas hydrate occurrence state, a series of experiments on multiple growth and dissociation of 90.0% methane/10.0% propane hydrates at 1.3 MPa and 270.15 K were carried out in two sediments for morphology observation via a visible jacketed-reactor. The gas hydrate crystals were observed to form and grow on the surface of sediments at the initial growth. During the thermal decomposition, gas and liquid products had an unceasingly impact on the sediments, then gas/liquid-solid migration occurred, and a large number of cavitation appeared. In the later growth and dissociation experiments, the gas hydrate particles were in suspension or supporting states in the interstitial pore space between the sediment particles, indicating that the gas hydrate displayed a pore-filling characteristics. Through analyzing the distribution of gas hydrates and bubbles, it was found that the amount of gas hydrates distributed in the sediments was improved with multiple growth-dissociation cycle proceedings. Gas migration enhanced the sediment movement, which led to the appearance of the increasing quantity of gas bubbles in the sediments during cycles. Salts affected the growth of the gas hydrates and the migration of sediment grains, which also restricted the accumulation of gas bubbles in the sediments. According to the Raman analysis, the results showed that MI hydrates were formed for CH4 and C3H8 gas mixtures in different sediments and solutions with hydration number of 5.84-6.53. The Salt restricted the access of gas into the hydrate cages. (C) 2019 The Chemical Industry and Engineering Society of China. and Chemical Industry Press Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.