Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol.27, No.10, 2293-2303, 2019
LDV measurements of particle velocity distribution in an annular stripper
Particle descent velocities in an annular stripper were measured by a laser Doppler velocimetry (LDV) system. In the radial direction, particle descent velocity was relatively constant in the mid-region of the stripper and increased towards the walls on both sides, exhibiting an anti-U-shaped distribution. Particle descent velocity in the radial mid-region increased with the increase of superficial gas velocity, and the maximum in the outer wall region increased significantly with the increase of solid mass flux. Superficial stripping gas velocity had stronger effect on particle velocity distributions near the stripper gas distributor, and such effect weakened with the increase of the distance from the distributor. Local particle velocity and its radial profiles could be adjusted by changing the superficial stripping gas velocity. Empirical formulas were established to describe the relationships between the local particle velocity and cross-sectional averaged velocity based on the effects of operating conditions and measuring positions. The result showed that the predicted data was in good agreement with the experimental value. (C) 2019 The Chemical Industry and Engineering Society of China, and Chemical Industry Press Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.