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Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol.380, 2020
Engineering the surface of Gd2O3 nanoplates for improved T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging
The oleic acid (OA) and oleylamine (OM)-capped Gd2O3 nanoplates were encapsulated into N-Dodecyl-PEI-PEG polymer to synthesize the hydrophilic clusters for T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The obtained Gd2O3@N-Dodecyl-PEI-PEG clusters showed a hydrodynamic size of 95 nm and a r1 value of 14.13 mM(-1 )s(-1), which was approximately 4 times greater than that of the commercial product gadolinium-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA) (r1 = 3.40 mM(-1) s(-1)). The in vitro toxicity demonstrated that the obtained clusters were biocompatible. The MRI experiments on SCC-7 cells/xenograft tumors indicated that the clusters had obvious T1-enhancement ability. These clusters have great potential application as T1-weighted MRI contrast agents.