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Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol.382, 2020
Versatile zero valent iron applied in anaerobic membrane reactor for treating municipal wastewater: Performances and mechanisms
Comprehensive insight into the long-term impact of applying zero valent iron (ZVI) in anaerobic membrane reactor (AnMBR) was conducted here. ZVI showed its versatility for enhancing the performances of AnMBR including COD and TP removal, H2S removal and membrane fouling suppression in this study, and the iron ions releasing rate of ZVI had great influence on the enhancing performances. Two iron ions releasing states were used including "with electric field" and "without electric field". Applying electric field could boost iron ions releasing rate by 12 times here. COD removal rate increased by 3% via coagulation effect with and without electric field. H2S in biogas was decreased from > 500 ppm to < 60 ppm via the formation of FeS precipitation with and without electric field. Applying ZVI with electric field increased the removal rate of TP by 50% via the formation of Fe-3(PO4)(2), but applying ZVI without electric field did not change the TP removal due to the insufficient iron ions. Utilizing ZVI without electric field suppressed the membrane fouling rate by 20% via the improvement of mixed liquor filterability, however utilizing ZVI with electric field accelerated the membrane fouling rate by 17 times due to the formation of dense Fe-enriched fouling layer with server inorganic and organic fouling. This study provided a novel approach to improve the performances of AnMBR by utilizing versatile ZVI. Meanwhile, this study enclosed that the iron ions releasing rate of ZVI is vital technical parameter for its application.