Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol.98, No.2, 525-535, 2020
A thermodynamically consistent framework for non-isothermal modelling of local heat generation and electromotive force in SOFC single electrodes
Mathematical models for single electrode reversible heat and non-isothermal electromotive force (EMF) of a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) are developed. These models estimate the volumetric reversible heat generation and EMF of electrochemical reactions, within each electrode at local conditions of temperature and pressure, based on entropy change of half reactions. The resulting equations are thermodynamically consistent. They inherently obey the conservation of energy law as the electrochemical energy released added to the heat of reactions at each electrode equate the enthalpy change of the reacted species. The equations are implemented to model electrodes in a tubular micro- solid oxide fuel cell (T mu SOFC). The thermodynamic consistency of the model is numerically confirmed as the enthalpy of the reactants equates the electric energy released by the cell plus the sum of electrode heats plus electrolyte Ohmic heat. The effect of thermal gradients on the cell's overall EMF is found to be negligible. The reversible and irreversible heat generation of each electrode are distinguished. Overall, the anode is found to be endothermic, and the cathode exothermic.