Biotechnology Letters, Vol.42, No.1, 103-114, 2020
Designing a multifunctional staphylokinase variant (SAK-2RGD-TTI) with appropriate thrombolytic activity in vitro
Objective Thrombin, platelets, and plasmin are three key factors involved in hemostasis and thrombolysis. Thrombolytic therapy with clinically approved drugs is often followed by recurrent thrombosis caused by thrombin-induced platelet aggregation from the clot debris. In order to minimize these problems, new constructs were designed for the expression of recombinant staphylokinase (rSAK) and also a fusion protein composed of staphylokinase, 20 amino acids containing 2 RGD followed by tsetse thrombin Inhibitor (SAK-2RGD-TTI) in Pichia pastoris. Result Modeling the tertiary structure of SAK-2RGD-TTI showed that the linker containing RGD and TTI did not interfere with proper folding of SAK. In laboratory testing, the purified SAK-2RGD-TTI (420 mu g/mL) dissolved an average of 45% of the blood clot. The activity of the SAK-2RGD-TTI was also confirmed in various tests including human plasminogen activation assay, fibrin clot lysis assay, well diffusion method, activated partial thromboplastin time and platelet rich clot lysis assay. Conclusion Our findings suggest that SAK-2RGD-TTI has improved therapeutic properties preventing reocclussion. It further confirms that it is practicable to assemble and produce a hybrid multifunctional protein that targets hemostatic process at various stages.