Biomacromolecules, Vol.21, No.1, 104-113, 2020
CD44-Targeted Multifunctional Nanomedicines Based on a Single-Component Hyaluronic Acid Conjugate with All-Natural Precursors: Construction and Treatment of Metastatic Breast Tumors in Vivo
Metastasis is responsible for >90% of the deaths of breast cancer patients in the clinic. Here, we report on cross-linked multifunctional hyaluronic acid nanoparticles carrying docetaxel (DTX-CMHN) for enhanced suppression of highly metastatic 4T1 breast tumors in vivo. DTX-CMHN was formed from a single and all-natural hyaluronic acid-gpolytyrosine-lipoic acid conjugate (HA-g-PTyr-LA; HA, 20 kDa; PTyr, 2.2 kDa), and the size of DTX-CMHN increased from 69 to 78 to 96 nm as the increasing degree of substitution (DS) of PTyr increased from 4 to 11 to 15, respectively. Robust encapsulation of DTX was obtained when DS >= 11. DTX-CMHN while steady in a nonreducing environment was destabilized under 10 mM glutathione releasing similar to 90% of the DTX within 24 h. It is noteworthy that DTX-CMHN exhibited better antitumor, antimigration, and anti-invasion activity in CD44-overexpressed 4T1-Luc breast cancer cells than free DTX. Interestingly, DTX-CMHN displayed a long elimination half-life of 5.75 h, in contrast to half-lives of 2.11 and 0.75 h for its noncross-linked counterpart (DTX-MHN) and free DTX, respectively. In vivo therapeutic studies showed significantly better inhibition of primary 4T1-Luc tumor growth and lung metastasis and lower toxicity of DTX-CMHN compared with that of free DTX. These multifunctional nanoformulations based on a single and all-natural hyaluronic acid conjugate emerge as a potential nanoplatform for targeted treatment of CD44-positive metastatic tumors.