화학공학소재연구정보센터
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.517, No.2, 390-397, 2019
Identification and characterization of a novel glycoprotein core xylosidase from the bacterium Elizabethkingia meningoseptica
Although core xylose on glycoproteins has been implicated in allergy, infection and other biological processes, research on core xylose modification is rare. The lack of a 13-o-xylosidase that can catalytically remove the core xylose directly from glycoproteins is a reason for this. Through functional genomic analysis, we identified a glycoprotein core xylosidase and named it gpcXase I. gpcXase I is located immediately downstream of glycoprotein core fucosidase cFase I in Elizabethkingia meningoseptica. These two genes form a functional operon for glycoprotein core modifications. Three acidic residues (Asp-200, Asp-304 and Glu-649) were identified as key catalytic sites for gpcXase I activity, suggesting a unique triacdic mechanize for its activity. Asp-200 was identified a novel and essential base catalysts in the catalytic process, Asp-304 and Glu-649 was function as catalytic nucleophiles and acid catalysts, respectively. In addition, IgE-specific reactions were detected in 55% of serum samples collected from 40 allergic patients, and the reactions were significantly attenuated by removal of the core xylose of the allergen by treatment with gpcXase I. gpcXase I is a novel tool for basic and clinical glycomics. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.