Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.517, No.2, 353-358, 2019
Mdm2 is required for HDAC3 monoubiquitination and stability
HDAC3, one of the class I histone deacetylase modulates epigenetic landscape through histone modification. HDAC3 also interacts with non-histone proteins including p53 for deacetylation. Moreover, HDAC3 serves as a transcriptional repressor, interacting with NCorl/SMRT complex. Although HDAC3 plays a critical role for cellular homeostasis, regulatory mechanism of HDAC3 have been poorly understood. Here we report a novel regulatory mechanism of HDAC3 about its monoubiquitination and stabilization by Mdm2. HDAC3 levels were increased by ectopic expression of Mdm2 and decreased by Mdm2 ablation in various cell lines. We found that Mdm2 directly interacts with HDAC3 and induces HDAC3 protein levels without alteration of mRNA levels. Ectopic expression of wild type but not RING mutant of Mdm2 increased HDAC3 monoubiquitination. In addition, MdmX is beneficial for mdm2-mediated HDAC3 regulation. Ablation of Mdm2 and Mdm2/MdmX decreased cell migration along with the decrease of HDAC3 levels. These data provide an evidence that Mdm2 positively regulates HDAC3 monoubiquitination and stability. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.