Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.517, No.3, 491-498, 2019
Dysregulation of cPWWP2A-miR-579 axis mediates dexamethasone-induced cytotoxicity in human osteoblasts
Dexamethasone (DEX) induces significant cytotoxicity to human osteoblasts. cPWWP2A is recently-indentifled novel circular RNA (circRNA), acting as an endogenous sponge of microRNA-579 (miR-579). The present study tested the expression and potential functions of the cPWWP2A-miR-579 axis in DEX-treated osteoblasts. We show that cPWWP2A is downregulated in the necrotic femoral head tissues of DEX-taking human patients as well as in DEX-treated human osteoblasts. In 06-6 osteoblastic cells and primary human osteoblasts ectopic overexpression of cPWWP2A potently inhibited DEX-induced miR-579 accumulation, cell death, apoptosis and programmed necrosis. Silencing miR-579, by targeted siR-NAs, also attenuated DEX-induced cytotoxicity in human osteoblasts. Significantly, mimicking DEX-induced actions, cPWWP2A silencing or forced miR-579 overexpression induced significant cytotoxicity in human osteoblasts. Further analyses demonstrated that miR-579's targets, including SIRT1 and PDK1 (phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1), were downregulated in DEX-treated osteoblasts. Their levels were decreased as well in the necrotic femoral head tissues of DEX-taking human patients. Taken together we show that dysregulation of the cPWWP2A-miR-579 axis is involved in DEX-induced cytotoxicity in human osteoblasts. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.