Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.518, No.1, 14-18, 2019
Type II cGMP-dependent protein kinase phosphorylates EGFR at threonine 669 and thereby inhibits its activation
Our previous study demonstrated that type II cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG II) inhibited epidermal growth factor (EGF) induced tyrosine phosphorylation/activation of the EGF receptor (EGFR). This paper was designed to investigate the mechanism of the inhibition of PKG II on EGFR activation. Gastric cancer cells HGC-27 and AGS were infected with an adenoviral vector encoding the cDNA of PKG II (Ad-PKG II) to overexpress PKG II and treated with 8-(4-chlorophenylthio) guanosine-30,50-cyclic monophosphate (8-pCPT-cGMP) to activate the kinase. Co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) and bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) assay were performed to detect the interaction between PKG II and EGFR. Western blotting, mass spectrometry (MS) and site mutagenesis were performed to detect the PKG II-specific phosphorylation site on EGFR. The results showed that in living COS-7 cells, which were infected with Ad-PKG II and treated with 8-pCPT-cGMP, there was an interaction between PKG II and EGFR. The results also showed that PKG II caused threonine 669 (T669) phosphorylation of EGFR in HGC-27 and AGS cells infected with Ad-PKG II and treated with 8-pCPT-cGMP, and then inhibited the activation of EGFR. When T669 of EGFR was mutated to alanine, the inhibitory effect of PKG II on the activation of EGFR was eradicated. These findings suggested a PKG II-specific phosphorylation site on EGFR, and might be beneficial to illuminate the anti-tumor role of PKG II. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.