Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.518, No.4, 664-671, 2019
A role for DIS3L2 over natural nonsense-mediated mRNA decay targets in human cells
The nonsense-mediated decay (NMD) pathway selectively degrades mRNAs carrying a premature translation-termination codon but also regulates the abundance of a large number of physiological mRNAs that encode full-length proteins. In human cells, NMD-targeted mRNAs are degraded by endonucleolytic cleavage and exonucleolytic degradation from both 5-' and 3'-ends. This is done by a process not yet completely understood that recruits decapping and 5'-to-3' exonuclease activities, as well as deadenylating and 3'-to-5' exonuclease exosome activities. In yeast, DIS3/Rrp44 protein is the catalytic subunit of the exosome, but in humans, there are three known paralogues of this enzyme: DIS3, DIS3L1, and DIS3L2. However, little is known about their role in NMD. Here, we show that some NMD-targets are DIS3L2 substrates in human cells. In addition, we observed that DIS3L2 acts over full-length transcripts, through a process that also involves UPF1. Moreover, DIS3L2-mediated decay is dependent on the activity of the terminal uridylyl transferases Zcchc6/11 (TUT7/4). Together, our findings establish a role for DIS3L2 and uridylation in NMD. (C) 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.