Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.519, No.3, 505-511, 2019
Identification of benzo[d]pyrrolo[2,1-b]thiazole derivatives as CENP-E inhibitors
Kinesin centromere-associated protein E (CENP-E) has emerged as a potential target for the development of anticancer drugs due to its involvement in the mitotic progression of the cell cycle. Although several CENP-E inhibitors have been reported, more knowledge of chemical structures and inhibitory mechanisms is necessary for developing CENP-E inhibitors. Here, we describe the identification of new CENP-E inhibitors. Screening of a small-molecule chemical library identified benzo[d]pyrrolo[2,1-13]thiazole derivatives, including 1, as compounds with inhibitory activity against the microtubule-stimulated ATPase of the CENP-E motor domain. Among the mitotic kinesins examined, 1 selectively inhibited the kinesin ATPase activity of CENP-E. In a steady-state ATPase assay, 1 exhibited ATP-competitive behavior, which was different from the CENP-E inhibitor GSK923295. Compound 1 inhibited the proliferation of tumor-derived HeLa and HCT116 cells more efficiently than that of non-cancerous WI-38 cells. The inhibition of cell proliferation was attributed to the ability of 1 to induce apoptotic cell death. The compound showed antimitotic activity, which caused cell cycle arrest at mitosis via interference with proper chromosome alignment. We identified 1 and its derivatives as the lead compounds that target CENP-E, thus providing a new opportunity for the development of anticancer agents targeting kinesins. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.