Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.521, No.1, 57-63, 2020
Dantrolene prevents ventricular tachycardia by stabilizing the ryanodine receptor in pressure- overload induced failing hearts
Aberrant Ca2+ release from cardiac ryanodine receptors (RyR2) has been shown to be one of the most important causes of lethal arrhythmia in various types of failing hearts. We previously showed that dantrolene, a specific agent for the treatment of malignant hyperthermia, inhibits Ca2+ leakage from the RyR2 by correcting the defective inter-domain interaction between the N-terminal (1-619 amino acids) and central (2000-2500 amino acids) domains of the RyR2 and allosterically enhancing the binding affinity of calmodulin to the RyR2 in diseased hearts. In this study, we examined whether dantrolene inhibits this Ca2+ leakage, thereby preventing the pharmacologically inducible ventricular tachycardia in ventricular pressure-overloaded failing hearts. Ventricular tachycardia (VT) was easily induced after an injection of epinephrine in mice after 8 weeks of transverse aortic constriction-induced pressure-overload. Pretreatment with dantrolene almost completely inhibited the pharmacologically inducible VT. In the presence of dantrolene, the occurrence of both Ca2+ sparks and spontaneous Ca2+ transients was inhibited, which was associated with enhanced calmodulin binding affinity to the RyR2. These results suggest that dantrolene could be a new potent agent in the treatment of lethal arrhythmia in cases of acquired heart failure. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.