Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.521, No.2, 318-325, 2020
Fucoidan exerts antidepressant-like effects in mice via regulating the stability of surface AMPARs
The inflammatory hypothesis is one of the most important mechanisms of depression. Fucoidan is a bioactive sulfated polysaccharide abundant in brown seaweeds with anti-inflammatory activity. However, the antidepressant effects of fucoidan on chronic stress-induced depressive-like behaviors have not been well elucidated. Here, we used two different depressive-like mouse models, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and chronic restraint stress (CRS) models, to explore the detailed molecular mechanism underlying its antidepressant-like effects in C57BL/61 mice by combining multiple behavioral, molecular and immunofluorescence experiments. Adenovirus-mediated overexpression of caspase-1 and pharmacological inhibitors were also used to clarify the antidepressant mechanisms of fucoidan. We found that acute administration of fucoidan did not produce antidepressant effects in the tail suspension test (TST) and forced swim test (FST). Interestingly, chronic fucoidan administration not only dose-dependently reduced stress-induced depressive-like behaviors in the TST, FST, sucrose preference test (SPT), and novelty-suppressed feeding test (NSFT), but also alleviated the downregulation of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-dependent synaptic plasticity via inhibiting caspase-l-mediated inflammation in the hippocampus of mice. Moreover, fucoidan significantly ameliorated behavioral and synaptic plasticity abnormalities in the overexpression of caspase-1 in the hippocampus of mice. Furthermore, blocking BDNF abolished the antidepressant-like effects of fucoidan in mice. Therefore, our findings clearly indicate that fucoidan provides a potential supplementary noninvasive treatment for depression by inhibition of hippocampal inflammation. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.