Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.521, No.2, 285-289, 2020
Calcitonin gene-related peptide attenuates angiotensin II-induced ROS-dependent apoptosis in vascular smooth muscle cells by inhibiting the CaMKII/CREB signalling pathway
Apoptosis is associated with various cardiovascular diseases. CGRP exerts a variety of effects within the cardiovascular system, and protects against the onset and development of angiotensin (Ang) II-induced vascular dysfunction and remodelling. However, it is not known whether CGRP has a direct effect on Ang II-induced apoptosis in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), and the mechanism underlying the antiapoptotic role remains unclear. In this study, CGRP significantly suppressed reactive oxygen species (ROS) and apoptosis in Ang II-induced VSMCs. In VSMCs pre-treated with a CGRP receptor antagonist (CGRP(8-37)), the CGRP-mediated inhibition of Ang II-induced ROS and apoptosis was completely abolished. Moreover, pre-treatment with N-acetyl-L cysteine (NAC), an ROS scavenger, blocked the effects of CGRP on Ang II-induced apoptosis. In addition, the activation of CaMKII and the downstream transcription factor CREB stimulated by Ang II was abrogated by CGRP. Importantly, in both CGRP and NAC-treated VSMCs, CGRP failed to further attenuate CaMKII and CREB activation. The results demonstrate that CGRP attenuated Ang II-induced ROS-dependent apoptosis in VSMCs by inhibiting the CaMKII/CREB signalling pathway. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.