Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.521, No.4, 1055-1060, 2020
Isorhynchophylline exerts anti-asthma effects in mice by inhibiting the proliferation of airway smooth muscle cells: The involvement of miR-200a-mediated FOXC1/NF-kappa B pathway
Hyperplasia of airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) is key to the progression of asthma. Iso-rhynchophylline (IRN) derived from Uncaria rhynchophylla can inhibit the proliferation of AMSCs. The major purpose of the current study was to assess the effect of IRN on the asthma symptoms was assessed both in vitro and in vivo, and the associated mechanism of the effect was also explored by focusing on the function of miR-200a. Asthma model was induced using ovalbumin (OVA) method and AMSC hyperplasia model was induced using TOE-beta 1. The effect of IRN on allergic asthma mice and the effect of IRN on the proliferation of ASMCs were investigated as well, and the changes in miR-200a level and FOXC1/NF-kappa B pathway were detected. The administration of IRN attenuated the eosinophils recruitment in BALF, reduced collagen deposition in lung tissues, and suppressed production of IgE and pro-inflammation cytokines. IRN also inhibited the proliferation and induced the apoptosis of ASMCs. Moreover, the administration of IRN increased the level of miR-200a while inhibited the activation of FOXC1/NF-kappa B pathway. However, after the inhibition of miR-200a level, the function of IRN on ASMCs was impaired. Collectively, it was demonstrated that the effect of IRN on asthma relied on the up-regulation of miR-200a, which then deactivated FOXC1/NF-kappa B pathway. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.