Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.521, No.4, 1042-1048, 2020
miR-145-5p attenuates hypertrophic scar via reducing Smad2/Smad3 expression
The study was designed to explore the underlying mechanism of micro ribonucleic acids (miR)-145-5p in the process of hypertrophic scar (HS). The difference in the relative content of miR-145-5p between HS and adjacent normal skin collected from 5 patients was detected via RT-PCR. Expressions of Smad2 and Smad3 with or without TGF-beta 1 was detected by western blotting. Fibroblasts apoptosis rate was examined by Annexin V/Propidium Iodide double staining. HS fibroblasts (HSFs) were isolated from HS tissues, cultured and then divided into control group, miR-145-5p inhibitor group (transfected with miR-145-5p inhibitor) and miR-145-5p mimic group (transfected with miR-145-5p plasmid) based on different treatment methods. Next, CCK-8 was employed to examine the function of miR-145-5p in HSF proliferation. Luciferase assay was conducted to confirm whether Smad2/3 were direct targets of miR-145-5p, and RT-PCR was done to measure the expression of miR-145-5p, Smad2/Smad3 and fibrosis-related genes of fibroblasts in three groups. Wound injury mice model was established to determine the function of miR-145-5p in regulating scar formation. miR-145-5p was found lowly expressed in HS tissues. Compared with Control group, miR-145-5p mimic decreased the levels of Smad2/3, arrested the activation and proliferation of HSFs and induced HSFs apoptosis. Overexpressing miR-145-5p achieved the contrary results. Smad2/3 was confirmed as the target of miR-145-5p. Moreover, miR-145-5p mimic decreased the recruitment of fibroblasts in vivo and decreased the expression of fibrosis-related genes after wound injury. In conclusion, miR-145-5p arrests the development of fibrogenesis and decreases HS formation by reducing the expression of Smad2/3. miR-145-5p may be an optional novel molecular target for treating HS. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.