Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.521, No.4, 880-886, 2020
Proscillaridin A induces apoptosis and inhibits the metastasis of osteosarcoma in vitro and in vivo
The side effects of chemotherapy, drug resistance, and tumor metastasis hinder the development of treatment for osteosarcoma, leading to poor prognosis of patients with the disease. Proscillaridin A, a kind of cardiac glycoside, has been proven to have anti-proliferative properties in many malignant tumors, but the efficacy of the drug in treating osteosarcoma is unclear. In the present study, we assessed the effects of Proscillaridin A on osteosarcoma and investigated its underlying action mechanism. The cell cytotoxicity assay showed that Proscillaridin A significantly inhibited the proliferation of 143B cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Also, flow cytometry and invasion assay revealed that Proscillaridin A induced apoptosis and reduced 143B cell motility. Western blotting and PCR were used to detect the expressions of Bcl-xl and MMP2 and showed that mRNA/protein expression levels decreased significantly in Proscillaridin A-treated osteosarcoma cells. Using a mouse xenograft model, we found that Proscillaridin A treatment significantly inhibited tumor growth and lung metastasis in vivo and decreased the expression levels of Bcl-xl and MMP2. No noticeable side effect was observed in the liver, kidney, and hematological functions. Conclusively, Proscillaridin A suppressed proliferation, induced apoptosis, and inhibited 143B cell metastasis in vitro and in vivo, and these effects could be mediated by downregulating the expressions of Bcl-xl and MMP2. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.