Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.522, No.1, 164-170, 2020
MiR-30 family members inhibit osteoblast differentiation by suppressing Runx2 under unloading conditions in MC3T3-E1 cells
Disuse osteoporosis is common in prolonged therapeutic bed rest, space flight and immobilization due to limb fracture, which is related to reduction of mechanical stress on bone. Mechanical unloading can inhibit the differentiation of osteoblasts, but the detailed mechanism is still unclear. Runt-related transcription factor-2 (Runx2), is an important transcription factor, which plays a crucial role in disuse osteoporosis induced by unloading conditions. In this study, we found that Runx2-targeting mechano-sensitive miR-30 family members, miR-30b, miR-30c, miR-30d and miR-30e increased significantly, and were negatively correlated with the expression of Runx2 under unloading condition. Further studies found that the four miRNAs inhibited the expression of Runx2 and osteoblast differentiation under normal loading, and the knockdown of these miRNAs attenuated partly the inhibition of osteoblast differentiation induced by unloading condition in MC3T3-E1 cells. This study is the first to report miR-30 family members can regulate partly the dysfunction of osteoblasts under unloading condition, which is expected to be targets for the treatment of disuse osteoporosis. (C) 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.