Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.522, No.2, 518-524, 2020
A small-molecule activator of mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 reduces the severity of cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is one of the leading causes of hospital admission for gastrointestinal disorders. Although lipid peroxides are produced in AP, it is unknown if targeting lipid peroxides prevents AP. This study aimed to investigate the role of mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2), a critical enzyme for lipid peroxide degradation, in AP and the possible underlying mechanisms. Cerulein was used to induce AP in C57BL/6 J male mice and pancreatic acinar cells were used to elucidate underlying mechanisms in vitro. Pancreatic enzymes in the serum, lipid peroxidation products malondialdehyde (MDA) and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE), and Bcl-2, Bax and cleaved caspase-3 were measured. ALDH2 activation with a small-molecule activator, Alda-1, reduced the levels of the pancreatic enzymes in the serum and the lipid peroxidation products MDA and 4-HNE. In addition, Alda-1 decreased Bax and cleaved caspase-3 expression and increased Bcl-2 expression in vivo and in vitro. In conclusion, ALDH2 activation by Alda-1 has a protective effect in cerulein-induced AP by mitigating apoptosis in pancreatic acinar cells by alleviating lipid peroxidation. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.