Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.522, No.2, 506-511, 2020
Kinesin associated protein, DmKAP, binding harnesses the C-terminal ends of the Drosophila kinesin-2 stalk heterodimer
The heterotrimeric kinesin-2 consists of two distinct motor subunits and an accessory protein, KAP, which binds to the coiled-coil stalk domains and one of the tail domains of the motor subunits. Genetic studies revealed that KAP is essential for the kinesin-2 functions in cilia, flagella, and axon. However, the structural significance of the KAP binding on kinesin-2 assembly and stability is not known. Here, using the Fluorescence Lifetime assay, we show that DmKAP binding selectively reduces the distance between the C-terminal ends of Drosophila kinesin-2 stalk heterodimer. Insertion of a missense mutation (E551K) in the Drosophila kinesin-2 alpha stalk fragment, which was shown to reduce the structural dynamics of the stalk heterodimer earlier, also reduced the distances at both the N- and C-terminal ends of the stalk heterodimer independent of DmKAP. The zipping effect, particularly at the N-terminal end of the mutant stalk heterodimer, is further enhanced in the presence of DmKAP. Together, these results suggest that the KAP binding could alter the structural dynamics of kinesin-2 stalk heterodimer at the C-terminal end and stabilize the association between the stalk domains. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.