Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.522, No.2, 442-447, 2020
B cell ADAM17 controls T cell independent humoral immune responses through regulation of TACI and CD138
ADAM17 is known to contribute to the immune system through its shedding of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha). However, the role of ADAM17 in B cell biology is not well characterized. To determine whether B cell ADAM17 contributes to T cell-independent humoral immune responses, we crossed CD19 Cre transgenic mice with mice bearing a floxed allele of ADAM17 (ADAM17(CD)(19)). In this study, we show a B cell intrinsic role for ADAM17 in regulating marginal zone B cell (MZB) numbers in mice. Interestingly, we demonstrate that the loss of B cell ADAM17 results in reduced MZB numbers in the naive state and after immunization with T-independent antigen, yet enhanced humoral immunity to T cell independent antigens. We additionally find elevated TACI and CD138 levels on plasma cells following immunization in ADAM17(CD19) mice. Overall, these findings suggest that B cell ADAM17 may orchestrate T independent immune responses through both MZB numbers and plasma cell antibody production. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.