Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.522, No.2, 435-441, 2020
Sauchinone ameliorates intestinal inflammation and promotes Th17 cell production of IL-10 via Blimp-1
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by chronic, unpredictable relapsing and inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract. Daily diet patterns have long been one of the most important hotspots for IBD therapeutic strategies. Sauchinone (SAU), a key bioactive lignin isolated from the roots of the herb Saururus chinensis, has been known to play an anti-inflammatory role in several diseases. However, its effect on IBD has not yet been investigated. In the current study, we established 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis in mice and treated them with SAU. Flow cytometric analysis was performed to determine the phenotype of T cells in the lamina propria. qRT-PCR and ELISA were performed to measure cytokine transcript and protein levels, respectively. We found that SAU ameliorated TNBS-induced mouse colitis and inflammatory responses in mucosal tissues and peripheral blood CD4(+ )T cells from IBD patients. SAU significantly suppressed Th17 differentiation but facilitated IL-10 production, and SAU-treated Th17 cells exhibited inhibitory functions in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, we demonstrated that SAU induced Blimp-1 expression (encoded by Prdm1) in Th17 cells, and SAU failed to increase IL-10 production in Prdm1-knockout Th17 cells. Our data reveal an uncharacterized mechanism through which SAU regulates intestinal inflammation and Th17 differentiation. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.