Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.104, No.3, 1163-1174, 2020
A plasmid-based genomic screening system for transcriptional regulators of non-adjacent xenobiotic catabolism genes
Bacteria play an important role in the catabolism of environmental xenobiotics. The study of transcriptional regulation has greatly enhanced our understanding of the molecular mechanisms associated with these processes. However, genes encoding transcription factors (TFs) for xenobiotic catabolism are usually not located in the immediate vicinity of the catabolic genes that they regulate; therefore, functional identification of these TFs is difficult. Significantly modified from a metagenome screening method substrate-induced gene expression (SIGEX), here we propose a synthetic pSRGFP-18 plasmid-based tool as a TF reporter system. In short, two multiple cloning sites (MCS) were designed; one in front of an egfp reporter gene was constructed for promoter insertion, and the other MCS was used for shotgun cloning of genomic DNA. Based on the regulatory relationship between TFs and the promoter of their associated catabolic genes, this approach allowed us to screen for TF genes using a genome shotgun approach. This system performed well when testing the known operons. Following statistical analysis of known catabolic operons in Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis, the suggested region of the target promoter for this system was from 250 - to + 150. Furthermore, to broaden the applicability of this plasmid, a series of pSRGFP-18 and pBBR1-based pSRGFP-X plasmids were constructed, which had broad host ranges and contained different antibiotic markers. This study outlines a powerful tool to enable functional identification of TFs for bacterial xenobiotic catabolism.