화학공학소재연구정보센터
Polymer(Korea), Vol.44, No.1, 76-81, January, 2020
첨가제가 나트륨 이온 전지용 고분자전구체 기반 하드카본 음극 표면에 형성되는 고체 전해질 내부상 특성에 미치는 영향
Additive Dependency on Formation of Solid Electrolyte Interphase on the Surface of Polymeric Hard Carbon Anode in Sodium-ion Batteries
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초록
고분자 전구체(polymeric precursor) 기반의 하드카본(hard carbon)은 난층 구조(turbostractic structure)와 난층 구조들 사이의 기공으로 이루어져 있기 때문에 나트륨 이온 배터리의 음극소재로써 약 300 mA h g-1의 높은 용량을 나타낸다. 하지만, 불안정하게 형성된 고체 전해질 내부상(solid electrolyte interphase, SEI)의 영향으로 인해, 하드카본은 제한된 수명특성을 가진다. 이러한 문제를 개선하기 위해 적절한 첨가제를 찾는 연구가 진행되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 첨가제 fluoroethylene carbonate(FEC) 및 succinic anhydride(SA)가 하드카본의 수명특성에 미치는 영향을 관찰하고 원인을 조사하였다. 그 결과, 첨가제에 의한 필름 저항 증가로 인해 하드카본의 수명 특성이 저하되었다. FEC를 첨가한 전해질에서의 높은 필름 저항은 3.34 eV의 비교적 높은 배리어 에너지를 갖는 sodium fluoride 성분이 도입된 SEI 층 형성에 기인하였다. 반면, SA를 첨가한 전해질에서의 높은 필름 저항은 두껍게 형성된 SEI 층 형성에 기인한 것으로 두 첨가제의 필름 저항 증가 원인이 상이하였다.
Polymeric precursor-based hard carbon with a disordered turbostratic structure has a high capacity of approximately 300 mA h g-1 as an anode material for a sodium-ion battery. However, hard carbon has a limited cycle performance owing to the formation of unstable solid electrolyte interphase (SEI). To improve the cycle performance, several studies are underway to find suitable additives. In this study, the effects of fluorocarbon carbonate (FEC) and succinic anhydride (SA) on the life characteristics of hard carbon were investigated and the reasons were examined. All additives negatively affected the cycle performance because they increase film resistance. The high film resistance in the electrolyte with FEC was due to the formation of the SEI layer with the introduction of the sodium fluoride component with a relatively high barrier energy of 3.34 eV. On the other hand, the high film resistance in the electrolyte with SA was due to the formation of a thick formed SEI layer, and the reason of the increase in film resistance of the two additives was different
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