Turkish Journal of Chemistry, Vol.43, No.5, 1244-1257, 2019
Reduced graphene oxide supported tin oxide-boron oxide flexible paper anodes for Li-ion batteries
Freestanding tin oxide-boron oxide/reduced graphene oxide (SnO2-B2O3/rGO) nanocomposite anode was produced for Li-ion cells. This binder-free flexible paper anode structure was fabricated by combining SnO2-B2O3 composite and graphene oxide which were synthesized through the sol-gel method and Hummers' method, respectively. Field emission gun scanning electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction were utilized to characterize anode materials. The Williamson-Hall (W-H) analysis was applied using XRD data to determine crystal size and strain of the lattice. Electrochemical tests, cyclic voltammetry, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements were performed to determine electrochemical properties of the anodes. The results indicated that the anode formed with SnO2-B2O3 particles anchored on the rGO layers provided higher discharge capacity (838 mAh g(-1)) than that of SnO2/rGO (395 mAh g(-1)) after 100 cycles. The electron-deficient nature of boron supplied an effective increase in electrochemical energy storage performance.