Solar Energy, Vol.188, 1274-1282, 2019
Experimental parametric study of membrane distillation unit using solar energy
Solar distillation is a promising method for the supply of freshwater to rural communities because water is a vital factor for the survival of humans. Therefore potable water demand is increasing continuously because of the industrial, population and, fast agricultural applications. Nowadays, different techniques for water purification have been created to provide freshwater from salty and polluted water such as solar distillation method to distill brackish/saline water. This work presents an experimental study of the solar membrane distillation unit which is coupled with direct contact membrane (DCMD) which located at Kairouan University. The system is installed as part of a cooperation project research and development between Tunisian Electromechanical Systems Laboratory and German Institute for Solar Energy Systems entitled: Solar driven membrane distillation for resource efficient desalination in remote areas. For the heating of the hot feed water stream, a heat exchanger is included which can be operated with any external heat supply between 60 and 80 degrees C. For the cooling of the cold feed water stream, no heat exchanger is included. The cooling can be provided over the intake of cold feed water. The effect of solar irradiation and all temperature on the journal productivity of the unit has been presented.