Process Safety and Environmental Protection, Vol.131, 292-299, 2019
Use of the osmotic membrane bioreactor for the management of tannery wastewater using absorption liquid waste as draw solution
The performance of an osmotic membrane bioreactor (OMBR) for treating tannery wastewater at laboratory scale has been evaluated in this study. The forward osmosis (FO) membrane tested was CTA-NW from HTI. As draw solution, actual waste water from an absorption column for ammonia separation, which consists mainly of ammonium sulphate was used. The study was focused on the salt reverse flux during the OMBR operation, membrane water flux, biomass characteristics and membrane fouling. Regarding membrane water flux change with the time, the measured values diminished from 3.44 to 0.72 LMH due to the membrane fouling and the salt accumulation in the biological reactor. The stable mixed liquor conductivity value at the end of the experiment was 29.8 mS cm(-1). The chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiencies were maintained near 80% until the first 50 days of operation, considering the soluble COD in the reactor instead of the COD in the membrane permeate for the performance calculation. Thence, COD removal efficiencies decreased progressively due to the accumulation of non degradable COD coming from the tannery wastewater. Concerning to the membrane fouling, FESEM/EDX analysis corroborated that organic fouling was predominant on the membrane active layer. (C) 2019 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Institution of Chemical Engineers.