Petroleum Chemistry, Vol.59, No.9, 1009-1016, 2019
Ethylene Hydroformylation in the Presence of Rhodium Catalysts in Hydrocarbon-Rich Media: The Stage of Combined Conversion of Refinery Gases to Oxygenates
The feature of hydroformylation of model gas mixtures with different ethylene, hydrogen, and methane concentrations in the presence of rhodium catalysts have been studied. The effect of the initial pressure in the reactor and the reaction temperature on the reaction rate and selectivity has been determined. It has been shown that ethylene hydroformylation occurs with a high propanal selectivity (up to 99%), with the turnover frequency of the reaction reaching 9500 h(-1). It has been proposed that various phosphine ligands should be used to implement alternative methods of separating the catalyst system from the reaction products.