Langmuir, Vol.35, No.43, 14124-14132, 2019
Crystal Growth Technique for Formation of Double Roughness Structures Mimicking Lotus Leaf
Bio-inspired functional materials have received much attention for their potential to provide sustainable and advanced materials. The lotus effect has proven to be one of the most remarkable biomimetic effects since it was discovered by Barthlott. A superhydrophobic surface with the ability to bounce water droplets is the origin of the self-cleaning mechanism that keeps the surface clean by removing dust using water droplets moving with momentum. We have developed a crystal growth technique (CGT) of photo-chromic diarylethenes over the past decade, and from this, we fabricated a surface structure that closely resembles the natural lotus leaf's characteristic of controlling the Laplace pressure and clarified the importance of the double roughness structure of the surface. The bouncing ability is also discussed in terms of the characteristic size of the double roughness structure theoretically. Moreover, this work clarifies the exquisiteness of the double roughness structure of the leaf. We also show that the CGT is a versatile technique with the potential to fabricate desired structured surfaces.