화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol.123, No.41, 8814-8822, 2019
Controlling Charge-Transport in Metal-Organic Frameworks: Contribution of Topological and Spin-State Variation on the Iron-Porphyrin Centered Redox Hopping Rate
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are an emerging class of compositions for electro- and photoelectrocatalytic energy conversion processes. Understanding and improving the charge-transport processes within these high surface area molecular redox catalyst assemblies are critical since the charge carrier conductivity is inherently limited in MOFs. Here, we examine a series of four chemically identical but structurally different hydrolytically robust Zr-IV-MOFs constructed from tetrakis(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrinato iron(III), TCPP(Fe-III )to understand how their topological construction affects redox hopping conductivity. While a structural variation fixes center-to-center distances to define the hopping rate, we probe that altering the central metal spin-state can further tune the TCPP(FeIII/II) reorganization energy of the self-exchange process. Significant increase in the hopping rate was observed upon axial coordination of 1-methyl imidazole (MIM), which converts a weakly halide bound high-spin (HS) TCPP(FeIII/II) to the six-coordinated low-spin (LS) complex. Our electrochemical and resonance Raman data reveal that pore geometry that defines the Fe-Fe distance in these frameworks dictate the steric demand to accommodate two MIM-molecules, and thus, the population of LS vs HS species is a function of topology in the presence of an excess ligand.