화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol.123, No.43, 9123-9133, 2019
Influence of Lipid Compositions in the Events of Retinal Schiff Base of Bacteriorhodopsin Embedded in Covalently Circularized Nanodiscs: Thermal Isomerization, Photoisomerization, and Deprotonation
Covalently circularized nanodiscs using circular membrane scaffold protein (MSP) serve as a suitable membrane mimetic for transmembrane proteins by providing stability and tunability in lipid compositions, providing controllable biological environments for targeted proteins. In this work, monomeric bacteriorhodopsin (mbR) was embedded in lipid nanodiscs of different lipid compositions using negatively charged lipid dioleoyl phosphatidylglycerol (DOPG) and the zwitterion lipid dioleoyl phosphatidylcholine (DOPC), and the events associated with the retinal Schiff base, including the thermal isomerization during the dark adaptation, photoisomerization, and deprotonation, were investigated. The retinal thermal isomerization from all-trans, 15-anti to the 13-cis, 15-syn configuration during the dark adaptation was accelerated in the DOPG bilayer, whereas the processes in the DOPC bilayer and in Triton X-100 micelles were similar. This observation indicated that the negatively charged lipid reduced the barrier for retinal thermal isomerization at C-13=C-14-C-15=N in the ground electronic state. Furthermore, the broader absorption contour of mbR in the DOPC nanodisc probably indicated various retinal isomers in the light-adapted state, consistent with the observed nontwo-state dark adaptation kinetics. Moreover, the kinetics of the photoisomerization of the retinal was slightly decelerated upon increasing the content of DOPC. However, the cascading deprotonation of the protonated Schiff base is not dependent on the types of the surrounding lipids in the nanodiscs. In summary, our research deepens the understanding of the coupling between lipid membrane and the photochemistry of bR retinal Schiff base. Combined with the results of our previous works (Lee, T.-Y.; Yeh, V.; Chuang, J.; Chan, J. C. C.; Chu, L.-K.; Yu, T.-Y. Biophys. J. 2015, 109, 1899-1906; Kao, Y.-M.; Cheng, C.-H.; Syue, M.-L.; Huang, H.-Y.; Chen, I-C.; Yu, T.-Y.; Chu, L.-K. J. Phys. Chem. B 2019, 123, 2032-2039), these outcomes extend our understanding of the control of photochemistry and biophysical events for other photosynthetic proteins via altering the lipid environments.