Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.556, 726-733, 2019
Facile synthesis of 3D flower-like mesoporous Ce-ZnO at room temperature for the sunlight-driven photocatalytic degradations of RhB and phenol
A 3D flower-like mesoporous Ce doped ZnO composite composed of nanosheets was prepared by a facile, one-step wet chemical method at room temperature. It was found that the moderate Ce doping can improve the light absorption of ZnO. The photocatalytic activities of the samples were studied by the degradation of Rhodamine B (RhB) and phenol under stimulated sunlight. The 1% mole ratio of Ce doped ZnO composites (denoted as CZ1) showed higher photocatalytic performance than other samples, where 85.1% of RhB and 69.6% of phenol can be removed within 125 min and 120 min, respectively. The Ce4+ doped in the lattice of ZnO can act as the electron trapping sites, which effectively improve the electron-hole separation. In addition, it was also found the annealing temperature had effect on the morphology and structure of Ce doped ZnO. The photocatalytic performance can be further enhanced at proper annealing temperature (500 degrees C) due to the increase of ZnO crystallinity with maintained flower-like structure and the formation of CeO2-ZnO heterojunction at their tight interface promoting the separation of photogenerated electron-hole pairs. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.