Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.557, 465-477, 2019
Adsorption kinetics, thermodynamics, and isotherm studies for functionalized lanthanide-chelating resins
Conventional ion exchange resins are widely utilized to remove metals from aqueous solutions, but their limited selectivity precludes dilute ion extraction. This research investigated the adsorption performance of ligand-functionalized resins towards rare earth elements (REE). Functionalized resin particles were synthesized by grafting different ligands (diethylenetriaminepentaacetic dianhydride (DTPADA), phosphonoacetic acid (PAA), or N,N-bis(phosphonomethyl)glycine (BPG)) onto pre-aminated polymeric adsorbents (diameter 0.6 mm). Lanthanide uptake trends were evaluated for the functionalized resins using batch adsorption experiments with a mixture of three REEs (Nd, Gd, and Ho at 0.1-1000 mg/L each). Resin physical-chemical properties were determined by measuring their surface area, ligand concentrations, and acidity constants. The aminated supports contained 4.0 mmol/g primary amines, and ligand densities for the functionalized resins were 0.33 mmol/g (PAA), 0.22 mmol/g (BPG), and 0.42 mmol/g (DTPADA). Kinetic studies revealed that the functionalized resins followed pseudo-second order binding kinetics with rates limited by intraparticle diffusion. Capacity estimates for total REE adsorption based on Langmuir q(max) were 0.12 mg/g (amine; approximate to 0.77 umol/g), 5.0 mg/g (PAA; approximate to 32.16 mol/g), 3.0 mg/g (BPG; approximate to 19.30 mu mol/g), and 2.9 mg/g (DTPADA; approximate to 18.65 mu ol/g). Attaching ligands to the aminated resins greatly improved their REE binding strength and adsorption efficiency. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.