Journal of Catalysis, Vol.376, 68-76, 2019
Size-controlled model Ni catalysts on Ga2O3 for CO2 hydrogenation to methanol
The effect of particle size for Ni nanoparticles supported on beta-Ga2O3 was investigated for CO2 hydrogenation to methanol at 0.5 MPa. Model Ni nanoparticles ranging from 3.3 to 10.2 nm were synthesized using the hot injection method by controlling the reaction temperature and time. The smallest Ni nanoparticles (3.3 nm) showed the highest catalytic activity across the entire temperature range and the largest Ni nanoparticles (10.2 nm) showed the highest methanol selectivity. The apparent activation energies for methanol with Ni nanoparticles increased from 6.0 to 18.4 kcal mol(-1) as the nanoparticle size increased. Furthermore, it was found that the smallest Ni nanoparticles favor the reverse water gas shift reaction. In situ DRIFT analysis revealed that the gallium oxide itself could produce an intermediate species and the addition of Ni on the oxide support increases the hydrogenation rate. The Ni supported catalysts showed a CO peak, but the smallest Ni nanoparticles showed a larger CO peak than that for the largest Ni nanoparticles, which clearly supports that the smaller nanoparticles favor the reverse water gas shift reaction. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.