화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Catalysis, Vol.377, 419-428, 2019
Structure and reactivity of single site Ti catalysts for propylene epoxidation
Propylene epoxidation using molecular oxygen and hydrogen mixture on Au-based catalysts has attracted attention because of high propylene oxide selectivity and the use of an inexpensive and environmental friendly oxidant. Single-site titanium on metal oxide supports plays an important role in achieving high reactivity and selectivity in propylene epoxidation. Here we used TiO2 atomic layer deposition (ALD) to synthesize single-site titanium imbedded in the SiO2 framework for propylene epoxidation. High temperature calcination was used as post-treatment to control the titania structure and Ti-O coordination number. Using UV-vis spectroscopy and X-ray absorption spectroscopy, we successfully established that under similar propylene conversion the selectivity to propylene oxide (PO) is strongly correlated to the Ti-O coordination number and bond length. Using a cluster model, density functional theory (DFT) calculations indicate that the partial charges of single Ti-SiO2 sites scale linearly as a function of the coordination number. Also, the predicted Ti-O bond lengths follow the same trend as found in the experiments, providing additional support for the observed experimental activity relationships. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.