International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.44, No.38, 21174-21180, 2019
Microstructures and electrical properties of zirconium doped barium cerate perovskite proton conductors
In this work, we vary the Zr to Ce ratio to investigate the microstructures and electrical properties of zirconium doped barium cerates. The solid state reaction is used in synthesizing the BaCe0.8-xZrxY0.2O3 (X = 0.1-0.5). The electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) is successfully applied to identify the crystal structure of the barium cerates. EBSD results indicate that all samples have the orthorhombic structure. Conductivity measurement results show that for temperatures below 700 degrees C, Zr-doped barium cerates have higher protonic conductivities than oxygen-ion/electron-hole conductivities. The protonic conductivity increases with the Zr content initially, but decreases after the Zr content is higher than 0.3. The protonic conductivity of BCZY0.3 reaches 8.8 mS/cm at 700 degrees C in dry hydrogen atmosphere. Stability test results show that, for stable operation in CO2 atmosphere, the Zr content in barium cerates should be greater than 0.2. (C) 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.