International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.44, No.40, 22620-22631, 2019
Inerting effect of carbon dioxide on confined hydrogen explosion
Taking maximum flame propagation velocity, maximum explosion pressure, maximum rate of pressure rise and time-average of rising pressure impulse as index, this paper is aimed at evaluating the inerting effects of carbon dioxide on confined hydrogen explosion by varying initial pressure, carbon dioxide addition and equivalence ratio. The results indicated that under enhancing hydrodynamic instability, the stronger flame destabilization occurs with the increase of initial pressure. At Phi = 0.8 and Phi = 1.0, the destabilization effect of thermodiffusive instability continues to increase with the increase of carbon dioxide addition. At all equivalence ratios, the destabilization effect of hydrodynamic instability decreases monotonously with the increase of carbon dioxide addition. All of maximum flame propagation velocity, maximum explosion pressure, maximum rate of pressure rise and time-average of rising pressure impulse reach the peak value at Phi = 1.5, and decrease significantly with increasing carbon dioxide addition. The inerting effect of carbon dioxide could be attributed to the reduction of thermal diffusivity, flame temperature and active radicals. The chemical effect of carbon dioxide reaches the peak value at Phi = 1.0. With the increase of carbon dioxide addition, the chemical effect continues to decrease at Phi = 0.8 and Phi = 1.0, and increase monotonously at Phi = 2.5. (C) 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Carbon dioxide;Hydrogen explosion;Thermodiffusive instability;Hydrodynamic instability;Chemical effect