International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.44, No.41, 23091-23100, 2019
Strong organic acid-assistant synthesis of holey graphitic carbon nitride for efficient visible light photocatalytic H-2 generation
A facile and cost-effective method was developed for the synthesis of holey N-deficient graphitic carbon nitride nanosheets (FCN) using trifluoroacetic-acid-treated urea as a precursor. The role of trifluoroacetic acid on the composition, structure and photocatalytic performance of the prepared catalysts was carefully investigated. The obtained samples displayed laminated porous morphology with nitrogen defects, larger specific surface areas, extended range of spectral response and enhanced electron mobility of charge carriers. Consequently, the optimized catalyst FCN-400 exhibited superb photocatalytic performance and excellent cycling stability for hydrogen evolution. The hydrogen evolution rate over FCN-400 reached 309.3 mu mol/h under visible light irradiation, which is 11.3-fold of that of urea-derived graphitic carbon nitride (27.3 mu mol/h). (C) 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.