International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.44, No.43, 23912-23920, 2019
Formation of two kinds of carbon with different properties by acetone decomposition using in-liquid plasma method
Most waste solvent treatment methods involve combustion; however, such methods emit carbon dioxide and are also problematic relative to energy costs. As well as reducing carbon dioxide generate, in-liquid plasma has been used to generate valuable substances and hydrogen energy from the waste solvent. As a waste solve treatment model, decomposition of acetone using 27.12 MHz in-liquid plasma was performed at atmospheric pressure. The produced gases were H-2, CO, CH4, C2H2, C2H4, C2H6, and CO2, where proportion of CO2 was less than 0.25%. Two types of carbons with different properties were obtained as byproducts during the acetone decomposition. These carbons analyzed using elemental analysis and Raman spectroscopy. The analysis results revealed that the crystallinity of the carbons different significantly. Undesirable organic matter, such as benzene, was also produced during acetone decomposition. The acetone decomposition efficiency at 407 W discharge power was 0.9 mu mol J(-1). (C) 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.