International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.44, No.45, 24895-24904, 2019
Uniform carbon coating drastically enhances the electrochemical performance of a Fe3O4 electrode for alkaline nickel-iron rechargeable batteries
Fe3O4@C composites for use in alkaline nickel-iron rechargeable batteries are synthesized via a spray drying method. SEM and TEM confirm that the Fe3O4@C composite is a secondary particle microsphere formed by many primary particles uniformly coated with carbon. The particles aggregate with each other, which is equivalent to forming a three-dimensional conductive mesh. The electrochemical properties of the bare Fe3O4 and Fe3O4@C composites as anode materials for alkaline nickel-iron batteries are investigated. The results show that the Fe3O4@C composite synthesized by spray drying exhibits considerably high discharge capacities and an excellent rate capability. The specific discharge capacity of the Fe3O4@C composite reaches 693.7 mAh g(-1) at a current density of 300 mA g(-1), with a charging efficiency of 92.5%. Moreover, the Fe3O4@C composite exhibits an admirable cycling stability with a superior capacity retention of 92.0% for 100 cycles at a current density of 300 mA g(-1). In addition, discharge capacities of 556.7 and 420.1 mAh g(-1) are achieved at high current densities of 1200 and 2400 mA g(-1), respectively. (C) 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.