International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.44, No.54, 28996-29001, 2019
Chemical durability of thin pore-filling membrane in open-circuit voltage hold test
Long-term chemical stability of proton exchange membranes in polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) is an important issue for widespread commercialization. Here, we report on the chemical stability of a membrane-electrode assembly with a 7 mu m thick pore-filling membrane (porous substrate filled with high ion exchange capacity perfluorosulfonic acid (PFSA) polymer) using an open-circuit voltage hold test. The very thin pore-filling membrane shows comparable chemical durability to Nafion 211. Interestingly, the pore- filling membrane shows a different degradation behavior from Nafion 211 due to the use of chemically and mechanically stable porous substrate, with no thickness change and little amounts of fluorine leakages are observed in the pore-filling membrane compared to membrane thinning and large amounts of fluorine leakage in Nafion 211. The thin pore- filling membrane shows promise for application in PEFCs, as it balances high fuel cell performance at high temperature and low relative humidity with high chemical durability. (C) 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Polymer electrolyte fuel cells;Pore-filling membrane;Chemical durability;Open-circuit voltage hold test