Inorganic Chemistry, Vol.58, No.20, 14175-14184, 2019
Ferrocene-Appended Iridium(III) Complexes: Configuration Regulation, Anticancer Application, and Mechanism Research
A series of ferrocene-appended half-sandwiched iridium(III) phenylpyridine complexes have been designed and synthesized. These complexes show better anticancer activity than cisplatin widely used in clinic under the same conditions. Meanwhile, complexes could effectively inhibit cell migration and colony formation. Complexes could interact with protein and transport through serum protein, effectively catalyzing the oxidation of nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotid and inducing the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS, O-1(2)), which confirmed the anticancer mechanism of oxidation. Furthermore, laser scanning confocal detection indicates that these complexes can enter cells followed by a non-energy-dependent cellular uptake mechanism, effectively accumulating in the lysosome (Pearson's colocalization coefficient: similar to 0.90), leading to lysosome damage, and reducing the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP). Taken together, ferrocene-appended iridium(III) complexes possess the prospect of becoming a new multifunctional therapeutic platform, including lysosome-targeted imaging and anticancer drugs.