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Energy Conversion and Management, Vol.200, 2019
Numerical study on auto-ignition characteristics of hydrogen-enriched methane under engine-relevant conditions
Knocking combustion for spark-ignition engine is related to auto-ignition of a portion of the unburned fuel-air mixture. In this investigation, the detailed chemical kinetic mechanism was engaged to numerically study the auto-ignition characteristics of hydrogen-enriched methane under engine-relevant conditions. Compared with the experimental data, the USC Mech 2.0 mechanism obtained the closest agreement, and it was adopted in the sensitivity analysis, the rate of production (ROP) analysis and the reaction pathway analysis. Results showed that at high temperature and high pressure, the ignition delay times (IDs) of CH4/H-2 fuel blends reduce significantly (by two orders of magnitude at most) with rising hydrogen fraction, but the decline rate is not so obvious (within 37.3%) at low temperature. The sensitivity analysis indicated that at high temperature the reaction (R1) and reactions (R2, R3) promote each other while at low temperature only the reaction (R3) unilaterally facilitates the reaction (R12). The ROP analysis implied that the decrease of IDs of methane by hydrogen addition is realized through increasing the H, O, and OH radical production. Interestingly, the IDs for CH4/H-2 fuel blends show different trends at different temperature, which decrease (by 47.5% at most) at low temperature but increase (by 132.7% at most) at high temperature as the equivalence ratio rises. The sensitivity analysis showed that the ignition kinetics for CH4/H-2 fuel blends more depend on the CH4 concentration at low temperature but oxygen concentration at high temperature. This investigation not only supplements the fundamental combustion studies of CH4/H-2 fuel blends in elevated pressures, but also reveals the influence mechanism of hydrogen addition and equivalence ratio on the IDs of CH4/H-2 fuel blends at high pressure. More importantly, it may offer fundamental insights for the control of knocking combustion of spark-ignition (SI) engine.