Electrophoresis, Vol.40, No.21, 2873-2876, 2019
Slippage mutation rates in 15 autosomal short tandem repeat loci for forensic purposes in a Southeastern Brazilian population
Well-defined estimates of mutation rates in highly polymorphic tetranucleotide STR loci are a prerequisite for human identification in genetics laboratory routines useful for civil and criminal investigations. Studying 15 autosomal STR loci of forensic interest (CSF1PO, D2S1338, D3S1358, D5S818, D7S820, D8S1179, D13S317, D16S539, D18S51, D19S433, D21S11, FGA, TH01, TPOX, and vWA), we detected 193 slippage mutations (189 one-step and four two-step mutations) in 148 875 parent-child allelic transfers from 5171 paternity cases with true biological relationship (15 096 individuals; 4754 trios and 417 duos; 9925 meiosis) from the state of Sao Paulo, a very representative population of Brazil. The overall mutation rate was 1.3 x 10(-3) and the highest rates were observed at loci vWA (2.8 x 10(-3)), FGA and D18S51 (2.7 x 10(-3) for both), while loci TH01 and TPOX did not present any mutations. The mean slippage mutation rate of paternal origin (1.8 x 10(-3)) was six times higher than that observed for maternal origin (0.3 x 10(-3)).