Electrochimica Acta, Vol.318, 302-313, 2019
Epoxy containing solid polymer electrolyte for lithium ion battery
Solid polymer electrolyte based on the random copolymer PGO from the monomers of glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) and oligo (ethylene oxide) methyl ether methacrylate (OE) was successfully synthesized and investigated in detail aiming at applications in all solid lithium ion battery. Namely, four polymers PGO-60, PGO-70, PGO-80, PGO-90 with numbers indicating the percentage molar ratio of OE were mixed with LiClO4, and studied for their Li conductivity and other electrochemical properties in order to understand the effects from the polar glycidyl moieties. Polymer PGO-70 showed the highest ionic conductivity of 2.08 x 10(-5) S/cm when the LiClO4 content was 50% and at 50 degrees C. PGO-60 had the largest lithium ion transference number of 0.549, and exhibited electrochemical stability up to 4.4 V vs. Li+/Li. When the epoxy groups in the polymer were hydrolyzed, two hydroxyl groups as side chain pendants were obtained. When tested, the ring-opening membrane HPGO-70 showed significantly higher ionic conductivity (2.26 x 10(-6) S/cm, LiClO4 = 30%) than the corresponding PGO-70 (2.58 x 10(-7) S/cm, LiClO4 = 30%) at room temperature. The maximum lithium ion transport number of ring-opening polymers is 0.693 for HPGO-60, however, it's stability was a little lowered to 4.0 V vs. Li+/Li. Generally, compared with the polymer electrolyte membrane before ring opening, the lithium ion conductivity and lithium ion transference number of the ring-opening polymer electrolyte membrane were improved, however, the electrochemical stability window was slightly reduced. In the preliminary test of the assembled half cell battery using HPGO-60 as the polymer electrolyte and LiFePO4 as the anode, fairly good charge/discharge cycling can be achieved at 25 degrees C, but the capacity remained quite low (around 20 mAh/g). When temperature increased to 70 degrees C, the capacity increased considerably to 99 mAh/g at the first cycle, but quickly decreased to around 50 mAh/g. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.