Combustion and Flame, Vol.209, 313-321, 2019
Pyrolysis study of iso-propylbenzene with photoionization and molecular beam mass spectrometry
Pyrolysis study of iso-propylbenzene (IPB) at 30 and 760 torr was carried out by using synchrotron photoionization and molecular beam mass spectrometry techniques. 0.5%IPB was diluted by helium and heated to 798-1148 K in a flow tube. Styrene was the most abundant aromatic intermediate at both pressures. Several polycyclic aromatics were only observed at 760 torr, such as 2-ethenyl-1, 4-dimethyl-benzene, fluorene, anthracene, phenanthrene, 2-methyl-anthracene and pyrene, while fulvene, 1, 3-cyclohexadiene, and 5-ethenylidene-1, 3-cyclopentadiene were only detected at 30 torr. A detail mechanism involving 306 species and 1990 reactions was developed by updating ipso-addition and unimolecular dissociation reactions of IPB as well as reactions related to styrene, indene and naphthalene. The mechanism could predict the pyrolysis of 1PB and production of other intermediates well. Rate-of production analysis shows that the formations of 2-phenethyl, 1-iso-phenylpropyl and 2-iso-phenylpropyl radicals are the main consumption reactions of IPB independent of pressure. Sensitivity analysis indicates that the unimolecular dissociation of 1PB forming 2-phenethyl radical is the most significant promoting reaction at both pressures. H-abstraction reaction forming 1-iso-phenylpropyl radical tends to play a significant inhibiting effect on IPB consumption at 30 torr, while the most inhibiting reaction is self combination of methyl radicals at 760 torn Compared to n-propylbenzene experiments reported by Liu et al. (Combustion and Flame, 191 (2018) 53-65) and Yuan et al. (Combustion and Flame,186 (2017) 178-192.), IPB tends to produce larger quantities of benzene, styrene and indene under pyrolysis and oxidation conditions. These results will improve the understanding of the combustion and soot formation of IPB as a potential aviation surrogate fuel. (C) 2019 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.